Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in liquids full of every required nutrient with or without the utilization of artificial media. The commonly used mediums are coir, clay, vermiculite, perlite, wood fibre, brick shards and polystyrene packing peanuts.
This method is viable for producing foliage plants, crops, and vegetables. Recently, there has been an exponential increase in the demand for hydroponically grown produce.
When you decide to set up a hydroponic system, there are many key factors that you should take into consideration since there are pro’s and con’s that come with setting up one. Below are the advantages and disadvantages that come with the setting up of a hydroponic system. Take a look and decide if the technique is fit for you.
– Through best hydroponic growing medium, plants can grow anywhere so long as their growth requirements are satisfied
– Compared to the traditional soil-based gardening, it uses only 1/20th of water
– This growing medium doesn’t require fertilizers, pesticides or other chemicals since it provides a sterilized environment for the plants. Therefore, there is no chance of damage due to soil-borne pests or diseases.
– Crops grow two times faster. This method provides a controlled environment that produces double the expected yield from the same amount of space.
– It requires 20% less space in comparison soil based gardens since plants with small roots are able to grow close to each other.
– Hydroponics require less labour and their upkeep is minimal.
– Plants grown in a hydroponic medium have better nutritional value and are healthy for consumption. Compared to the conventional ones, plants grown with this technique have a vitamin content that is 50% higher.
– There is no need to worry about the changing seasons since the crops are grown all year round.
– Run-off in the conventional gardening can result in environmental degradation due to the high proportion of calcium, potassium, and phosphorous content dissolved in it. However, in best indoor hydroponic system, the water can be reutilized multiple times hence leading to water conservation with fewer expenses incurred.
– There is proper aeration of nutrient solution i.e. nutrition pollution isn’t released to the environment.
– The initial cost of setting up a hydroponic system is very high.
– It requires constant supervision
– In case any disease or infection appears, all the plants in the container will be adversely affected. Water-based diseases are poised to spread quickly in the hydroponic gardens.
– Hydroponic gardens can be susceptible to power outages; in such cases, the plants will wither.
– There is the risk of water based microorganisms being introduced to the plants
– Technological know-how is required for growing plants through this method
With the proper knowledge and techniques, there are numerous benefits that one can get from hydroponic gardening. This practice can yield great results in a short span of time.
Different environmental concerns like scarcity of water and reduction of arable land can be easily conquered by the use of the hydroponic growing medium. This technique of growing plants is beneficial for home gardeners and commercial farmers alike.